Municipalities with Greatest Agricultural Value
Agricultural production reached a total value of 410 billion pesos in 2012. Of the 2,457 municipalities of Mexico, 35 contributed with one quarter of that total, employing 12.5% of the harvested land of the country.
What do They Produce?
Their production includes 157 crops, a predominant mixture of basic grains, such as corn, sorghum and wheat; products, such as avocados, asparagus or blackberry, and industrializable products such as grapes or cotton.
Why do They Produce More?
Their agricultural income is mainly due to three reasons:
1. These municipalities derive most of their income from irrigated land: 82% of the value produced by them came from surfaces with this benefit.
2. They are closely linked to the external market, as with Sonora, Sinaloa and Baja California, which are major exporters, or Michoacan, where avocado and blackberry are demanded in the international commerce.
3. They grow goods with high prices; such is the case of the Sonoran grape, used in winemaking (which generates an income of 279 pesos per hectare) or ornamental flowers from Estado de Mexico (687 thousand pesos per hectare).
Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera (SIAP).
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